Focus on Allergy, Infectious Disease, and Antiviral
NIAID LAUNCHES HUMAN RSV STUDY
A new study will expose healthy adult volunteers to respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), a virus that causes cold-like symptoms in adults. Better understanding of how adults develop RSV infection and immune system responses to infection will assist researchers in developing and testing future antivirals and vaccines to combat the virus. The research is being conducted by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health... Read more
Focus on Cardiology, Pulmonology, and Blood
NHLBI STUDY SHOWS INTENSIVE BLOOD PRESSURE MANAGEMENT MAY SAVE LIVES
More intensive management of high blood pressure, below a commonly recommended blood pressure target, significantly reduces rates of cardiovascular disease, and lowers risk of death in a group of adults 50 years and older with high blood pressure... Read more
Focus on Nephrology, Endorinology, Metabolism, and Gastroenterology
NIDDK STUDY FINDS CUTTING DIETARY FAT REDUCES BODY FAT MORE THAN CUTTING CARBS
In a recent study, restricting dietary fat led to body fat loss at a rate 68 percent higher than cutting the same number of carbohydrate calories when adults with obesity ate strictly controlled diets. Carb restriction lowered production of the fatregulating hormone insulin and increased fat burning as expected, whereas fat restriction had no observed changes in insulin production or fat burning. The research was conducted at the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), part of the National Institutes of Health. Results were published August 13 in Cell Metabolism... Read more
Focus on Neurology and CNS
NINDS SCIENTISTS UNCOVER NUCLEAR PROCESS IN BRAIN THAT MAY AFFECT DISEASE
Every brain cell has a nucleus, or a central command station. Scientists have shown that the passage of molecules through the nucleus of a star-shaped brain cell, called an astrocyte, may play a critical role in health and disease. The study, published in the journal Nature Neuroscience, was partially funded by the National Institutes of Health (NIH)... Read more.
Focus on Oncology
NCI RESEARCHERS IDENTIFY 3D LANDSCAPE OF HUMAN CELLS
Researchers, using novel largescale imaging technology, have mapped the spatial location of individual genes in the nucleus of hu-man cells and identified 50 cellular factors required for the proper three dimensional (3D) positioning of genes. These spatial locations play important roles in gene ex-pression, DNA repair, genome stability, and other cellular activities. The study, by scientists at the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health, appeared August 13, 2015, in Cell... Read more.
Focus on Rheumatology, Inflammation, Anesthesia, and Pain
NAMS STUDY LEADS TO RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS DISCOVERY
Research funded in part by the NIH’s National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases has identified an enzyme that modulates inflammation and joint damage in rheumatoid arthritis. The results, which appeared in the journal, Science Translational Medicine, suggest that targeting this enzyme could be an effective strategy for treating rheumatoid arthritis... Read more.