The Federal Pollution Prevention Act of 1990 established policy tools and goals for environmental protection, specifically recommending “pollution should be prevented or reduced at the source whenever feasible..."
The law defines source reduction as any practice that:
Reduces the amount of any hazardous substance, pollutant, or contaminant entering any waste stream or otherwise released into the environment (including fugitive emissions) prior to recycling, treatment, or disposal.
Reduces the hazards to public health and the environment associated with the release of such substances, pollutants, or contaminants.
Biotechnology and Green Chemistry
Green chemistry or sustainable chemistry aims to design and produce cost-competitive chemical products and processes that reduce pollution at the source.
Specifically, green chemistry minimizes or eliminates the hazards of chemical feedstocks, reagents, solvents, and products. Additionally, green chemistry prevents waste by using renewable feedstocks, increasing energy efficiency and working in real time to prevent pollution. U.S. EPA recognizes that industrial biotechnology meets these criteria of green chemistry.
Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge
The annual Presidential Green Chemistry Challenge Awards recognize novel technologies that provide significant environmental and economic benefits through chemical design, manufacture, and use.
EPA presents awards in five categories:
1. Greener Synthetic Pathways
2. Greener Reaction Conditions
3. The Design of Greener Chemical
4. Small Business* (for a technology in any of the three focus areas developed by a small business)
 D. Ahmann, and J. Dorgan. "Bioengineering for Pollution Prevention through Development of Biobased Energy and Materials." 117-29. Washington: National Center for Environmental Research, US Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development 2007
To read in its entirety BIO's resource on indutrial biotechnology meeting the President's Green Chemistry Challenge, visit here.